Cristina Gironès Martín & Arzia Halida Tivany
Across the globe, the quantity of female journalism students has become more apparent, despite the fact that fewer women are working in the industry as journalists. In some cases, most professionals tend to leave the industry relatively early in their career. This article identifies the experiences of young female-identifying entry-level journalists, comparing the cases of Indonesia and Spain. Relying on 10 qualitative interviews, we argue that the challenges faced and the strategies developed in the two countries form similar patterns, though there are some contextual differences affected by the political and cultural system. Results show that the obstacles, which are structural and aggravated by their gender and age conditions, are mostly related to labor precariousness, gendered traits, discrimination and harassment. Meanwhile, the strategies generally tend to “avoidance”. This dodge attitude may not contribute to the progressive change in the hypermasculinized media culture. Instead, it helps them to seek ways on how to submit to the system merely to survive in the media industry as long as they can.
KEYWORDS: Intersectionality; Spain; Indonesia; media career; interviews; discrimination.